Fungal Nail / Onychomycosis

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail bed and nail plate. The human nail provides a great environment for dermatophytes to flourish. It becomes a constant source of re-infection and athlete’s foot (tinea pedis).  The appearance depends on the stage of the infection. It is very difficult to pinpoint the exact source of infection, but the most common is failure to maintain a good standard of foot hygiene. Hyperhydrosis, bare feet in communal showers, not drying the feet properly, and spreading of different infections all need to be considered.

Symptoms include:Fungal Nails

Discolored, thinking and crumbly nail

Risk Factors:

  • Previous trauma to the nail
  • Poor hygiene
  • Excessive sweating
  • Warm environment , such as occlusive shoes
  • Communal bathing

Problem with fungal nail:

  • Not a nice site to look at
  • The fungal nail may be thickened and therefore increase pressure from the footwear on the thin tissue overlying the bone.
  • Pain can cause the patient to become reluctant to walking and exercising
  • Possibility to spread to other family members


  1. Have to be more vigilant to personal hygiene
  2. Make sure you clean your towels, hosiery and shoes regularly
  3. Make sure you always dry your feet properly after a shower and following sporting activities.
  4. Loceryl for fungal nail and Lamisil for athlete’s foot (unless contraindications). Any topical antifungal agent – make sure you read the instructions carefully.  You have to thin the nail using a nail file prior to application
  5. Don’t give up with your treatment – the fungal infection won’t disappear straight away, some treatments can take up to 6-9 months before seeing any results
  6. Reduced the thickness of the toe nail to decrease pressure from footwear
  7. Nail surgery to removed toe nail for severe cases


Ingrown Toenail / Onychocrptosis

Ingrown toenails (onychocryptosis) are caused by pressure from the growth of the nail edge into the skin of the toe, most commonly seen in the big toe. Initially presenting with minor discomfort it may continue to progress and result in an infection and become a reoccurring problem.

Risk Factors:Ingrown Toenails

  • Inappropriate nail cutting
  • Poor footwear – narrow toe box
  • Poor biomechanics
  • Repetitive pressure or trauma (kicking)
  • Abnormal toe nail shape
  • Hereditary condition, eg involuted nail


  1. Salt water bath for 3-5 minutes
  2. Removal of penetrating nail spicule (the podiatrist at toe-tal will be able to remove nail spike)
  3. Footwear advise –  avoid the pressure from footwear (talk to the podiatrist at toe-tal about what footwear suits your foot best)
  4. Correct cutting technique of toenails
  5. Antibiotic treatment may be required if toenail is infected
  6. Nail surgery to remove partial/total nail permanently (talk to the podiatrist at toe-tal for more information)

What to do:

  • Cut nails straight across and file edges – DO NOT cut down the sides
  • Seek medical help from a Podiatrist ASAP if pain persists
  • Avoid tight and narrow fitting footwear

Contact Us.

Please contact the appropriate location for bookings.

Salisbury Medical Centre
PH: 3277 1621 - Fax: 3277 2887

 ACE Sports Medicine – Hibiscus Sports Complex
PH: 3349 5733 - Fax: 3349 5122

 Acacia Ridge Day And Night Chemmart Pharmacy
PH: 3277 4220 - Fax: 3255 5644

 Brisbane Medical Specialists – Tarragindi
PH: 3184 0400 - Fax: 3892 7094

 Morningside General Practice Clinics – Morningside Plaza
PH: 3399 4685 - Fax: 3395 7377

Any other enquiries please email or call 0422 389 652